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Red-river Delta

 General information

- Geographic location: Red river delta is situated in the South of the Northern Tropic, between 22o00’ & 21o30’ North latitude and 105°30' & 107°00' East longitude.
- Area: 21,063 km2.
- Topographic features: The centre of the Red River Delta is very flat, mostly located in the height of 0.4 – 12m above sea level in which 56% is lower than 2m.
- Administrative units: include 11 provinces and cities: Hanoi, Hải Phòng, Hà Tây, Hải Dương, Hưng Yên, Bắc Ninh, Vĩnh Phúc, Thái Bình, Hà Nam, Nam Ðịnh, Ninh Bình.
- Population: 19, 625, 000

Regional advantages

- Location advantages: The region has greater potentiality for socio - economic development than others; the regional has Hanoi – the capital which is the economic, cultural and political foreign affair center of the whole country. The region also has a key economic zone of the North including 7 centrally controlled municipal and provinces of Hanoi, Hải Phòng, Hải Dương, Hưng Yên, Hà Tây, Vĩnh Phúc and Bắc Ninh. This is also a dynamic economic zone of the whole country.

- Transportation advantages: The region is the gate of the country in the South. The current transportation system includes roadway, waterway, seaway, airway, railway (Hai Phong seaport, Noi Bai International airport). Hanoi and others are points linking the region with other national economic zones and regional countries and the world. The region has border with China – the world’s large market and North-East Asian countries.

- Natural resource advantages: The region has various ecology including plain, midland and mountain; fertile fields in Red river delta, which are suitable for comprehensively developing agriculture-forestry-fishery production; The region is considered the granary with the total output of foodstuff and other agricultural products ranking the second (after the Mekong delta), which helps ensure food security and export. The region has mineral resources with large reserves such as coal (accounting for 98% of the total reserves of the whole country), kaolin (accounting for 40%), and limestone (accounting for 25%).

- Human resource advantages: The region has a huge number of labourers with high education, high percentage of intellectuals; hard-working and creative labourers, including 26% of college and university graduates, 72% of master’s, doctor’s degree (and above) holders, 23.6% of technical workers of the whole country. There are nearly 100 colleges, universities; 70 professional schools, 60 technical schools and 40 professional training centers; hundreds of professional institutes including leading ones, over 20 leading hospitals, being one of 3 leading medical centers of the country; all of its cities, provinces have completed primary and lower secondary education universalization (faster than the country’s plan set for 2010). The region has the best human resources, research, technology application, education & training, healthcare.

- Tourism advantages: The region has great potentiality for developing tourism. The region is situated in the East of the Gulf of Tonkin. It has 620km of coastal line with many beaches and famous landscapes. The region has many other places of interest such as Huong Tich cavern – considered as “the best cavern of Vietnam”, Ao Vua (King’s pond), Hai stream, Tam Coc, Bich Dong, Con Son, Hien street, etc.; over 1,700 ranked historical, cultural monuments, accounting for 70% of the total numbers of the country’s monuments. These help to develop various tourism attracting domestic and foreign visitors.

- Marine Advantages: In the context of open economic, the advantages of Red River delta in Marine Zone is one of the key features in development of the Region. Quang Ninh has high potential in fishery , especially offshore fishing. Having Ha Long Bay – considered one of the world’s natural legacies, this province also has significant growth in marine - island tourism which contributes a large share on its economic. The upgradation and reconstruction of Cai Lan Port will promote the investment in Cai Lan Industrial Zones…

Economic status:

- Economic growth rate: The region has obtained a high annual economic growth rate of 10.41% (1.4 times more than that of the whole country) in the period 2001 – 2005. Income per capital was 7.83 million VND/head/year, increasing 22% in comparison with that of 2000. The region contributed 21.5% GDP, 15.4% export value, 26% total budget income of the whole country in 2005.

- Economic proportion: Shifting to positive trend in which the proportion of Agri – Forestry and Fishery are reduced while the proportion of industry and service are increased.


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