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Red-river Delta / Ha Noi


General information
 - Geographic location: Hanoi is located in the center of the Red river delta and bounded by Thai Nguyen prov., Vinh Phuc prov. to the North, by Hoa Binh prov. and Phu Tho prov. to the West, by Ha Nam and Hoa Binh to the South, by Bac Ninh prov., Bac Giang prov. and Hung Yen prov. to the East.
- Area: 3,344.6 km2
Topographic features: The major feature of Hanoi with large, high alluvial grounds and benches is plain leveled by rivers.
- Administrative units: Hanoi is divided into 10 inner districts: Ba Dinh, Hoan Kiem, Hai Ba Trung, Dong Da, Tay Ho, Thanh Xuan, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Hoang Mai and Ha Dong and 18 suburban districts: Dong Anh, Gia Lam, Soc Son, Thanh Tri, Tu Liem, Ba Vi, Dan Phuong, Hoai Duc, Phuc Tho, Thach That, Quoc Oai, Chuong My, Thuong Tin, Phuc Xuyen, Ung Hoa, My Duc and Me Linh. 

- Area: 
6,656,900 people
- Natural resources:  Hanoi has 4 main types of lands: alluvial soil inside the dyke, alluvial soil outside the dyke, impoverished soil and mountainous soil. There are forests in Hanoi but only with secondary natural plants mainly found in Soc Son suburban districts. 

- Tourism resources: 
There are over 300 recognized cultural and historical monuments out of the total 2,000 ones
, including the ones related to the country’s founding and defending such as Co Loa ancient capital, Soc Son historical monument, etc. Hanoi also has traditional art –culture such as water puppet which is attractions to tourists who want to know about Vietnamese traditional arts.

- Human resources: 
The number of working-age people is 1.6 million accounting for 58% the total population. Hanoi has young labour force with 43% under the age of 35, in which approx. 40,000 newly enter the labour market everyday. There are over 100,000 higher education degree holders; 200,000 university, college degree holders; over 100,000 professional school certificate holders. Hanoian is well known to be elegant, quick to understand new things, able to create economic and cultural values of high level and working in various traditional professions
In 2010, the number of people in working age was about 3.2 billion accounted for 58% population of the city. Annually, the number increases by 40,000. The labor force of city is quite young and 43% aged 35 and less than. More than 100,000 people hold postgraduate degrees, more than 200,000 people graduated from university and college and the number of people holding vocational degree was about 100,000. The Hanoi is thought that they are creative and acquirable so they can create economic and cultural values.
 - Transportation: It is convenient to travel in/to/from Hanoi with 4 main means of transportation: roadway, railway, waterway and airway. Hanoi is the starting point of many national highways such as national highways No. 5, 2 and 3. Hanoi is also the starting point of 5 important railway lines which are North-South railway route and international one linking Hanoi to Beijing and many other European countries. In terms of waterway, Hanoi has important ports such as Pha Den port links to Hung Yen, Nam Dinh, Thai Binh and Viet Tri and Ham Tu Quan port links to Pha Lai. There are two airports in Hanoi: one is Noi Bai international airport and the other is Gia Lam airport.

- Power supply system: 
Hanoi Power Company plays a key role in power supply for the political, socio-economic development, daily life of people and national defence.

- Post and telecommunication system: 
Hanoi has one of the best post and telecommunication system nationwide with many post offices, transmission stations. The system can meet the people’s demand.

- Industrial zones: 
There are 14 big industrial zones in Hanoi: Sai Dong B with the area of 97 hectares, Thang Long with the area of 302hectares, Noi Bai with the area of 100 hectares,Hanoi – Dai Tu with the area of 40 hectares, Nam Thang Long (Southern Thang Long) with the area of 260 hectares, Dong Anh (470 hectares), Soc Son (55 hectares), Quang Minh (344 hectares), Thach That – Quoc Oai (155 hectares), Biotechnology industrial zone (200 hectares), Phu Nghia (670 hectares), Northern Thuong Tin (112 hectares), Northern Thang Long (302 hectares) and Sai Dong A (420 hectares).
 Economic situation
- Growth rate: In the period of 2006-2010, the average growth of GDP was approx. 10.5%/year, accounted for about 8% national GDP. All sectors were developed gradually.
GDP (%)

- Economic structure: Hanoi focuses on developing commercial, services, industry-construction while gradually decreases the proportion of agriculture.
Agriculture-Forestry-Aquaculture (%)
Industry- Construction (%)
Services (%)



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